Direct and indirect speech الكلام المباشر والغير مباشر
I am teaching English
He was a teacher of English (كلام مباشر)
He said he had been a teacher of English. (كلام غير مباشر)
'' This work is too difficult for me to do" he said
He said this work is too difficult for him to do.اذا كانت الجمله تعبر عن حقيقة فسوف نستخدم المضارع البسيط فى الكلام الغير مباشر "The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, he said"
He said the sun rises in the east and sets in the west
(Are you hungry?) He said. ----> He asked if/ whether he was hungry.
(Are you tired?) He said. -----> He asked if/ whether he was tired.
(ask- want- wonder-enquire)
"Can Adam speak French? He said" -----> He asked if Adam could speak French.
"Has Nicole spent all the money? He said" ----> He asked if Adam had spent all the money.
"Remember to send the email" she asked me. ---> She reminded me to send the email
"Don't wait" he said.-----> He asked me not to wait
"Never do that again" he said .----> He told me never to do that again
"Go away" .-----> He ordered me to go away
"Don't be late tomorrow" .----->He ordered him not to be late tomorrow.